November 12, 2010

Present Simple gramatičko vreme u engleskom

Present Simple je vreme koje se upotrebljava da

1. iskazemo radnju koja se ponavlja u odredjenim vremenskim intervalima

"I go to school every day."
"Mark eats hamburgers once a month."
* obično ćete naići na priloge za vreme kao što su:

2. iskazemo činjenice i osećanja

" I hate school! "
" The Earth goes around the Sun."

3. iskazemo budućnost - na primer kada pričamo o redu vožnje

" When does the bus leave?" (Kada krece autobus?)
" It leaves at 5.20pm. "

Present Simple se gradi na sledeći način:


+ OBLIK

Subjekat i predikat (glagol je u obliku infinitiva* kada je subjekat I, YOU, WE, THEY)

  • " We watch TV every day."

Subjekat i predikat (glagol sa nastavkom -S, kada je subjekat HE, SHE ili IT)

  • " He plays football."

Nastavak -s se izgovara:
  •  /s/ (kada se glagol završava bezvučnim glasom*) primeri : works, stops
  • /z/ (kada se glagol zavrsava zvucnim glasom*) primer: plays, smiles
  • /IZ/ i tad se pise ES (kada se glagol zavrsava na -ch, -sh, -ss, -x, -zz ili kad se izgovara č, š, s, ks, dž)
primer: kissES, washES, watchES, buzzES, judgeS /kisIZ, wošIZ, wočIZ, bazIZ, džadžIZ/
* Molim vas nemojte razmišljati puno o s/z razlici - jednostavno recite "s" i prethodni glas će ga sam od sebe ozvučiti i pretvoriti u "z". Jedino o čemu TREBA da razmišljate treća varijanta kada morate reći "iz", jasno i glasno.


Nastavak -s se piše kao obicno -S, ali kao i obično imamo

IZUZETKE:
  • kada je poslednje slovo Y kome prethodi suglasnik CRY --- postaje crIES
(ALI play --- playS)
  •  kada se glagol zavrsava na -ch, -sh, -ss, -x, -zz, -o dodajemo ES
kissES, washES, watchES, buzzES, does, goes

--> Za redovne video lekcije i gramatička objašnjenja prijavite se na listu 
  • nepravilni glagoli po izgovoru i pisanju su
HAVE - HAS /hez/
DO - DOES /dAz/
GO - GOES /goUZ/
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Ako želite da učite engleski uz besplatni kurs sa video lekcijama posetite ovu stranicu :o) i ne zaboravite da se prijavite na novi Jutjub kanal EngleskiZaPocetnike i podržite njegov rad tako što "lajkujete" video lekcije koje vam se sviđaju i ostavite bar jedan komentar :o) Hvala!
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Video lekcije i vežbe na temu present simple vremena se nalaze ovde:
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- Negacija ili odrični=negativni oblik

Kod I, you, we, they ispred glagola dodajemo DO NOT ili DON'T (skraćeno):
I don't like hamburgers.
Tara and Ivan love each other.

Kod he, she, it, ispred glagola dodajemo DOES NOT ili DOESN'T (skraćeno), a glagol je opet u infinitivu (nema nastavka "s" koji smo s tolikom mukom savladali)
He likes swimming ---> He doesn't like swimming.
Sue plays tennis ---> Sue doesn't play tennis.

Video vežbe uz negaciju (is-isn't-don't ili doesn't)
i upitni oblik i još mnogo toga na ovu temu...

7 comments:

Seminarski radovi said...

Vrlo detaljno obradjeno stivo.

ramonda said...

I usually walk to work.
My husband works very hard.Hi starts at 6 o`clock and finishes at 3 o`clock p.m.
A car costs a lot of money.
Marika is teacher.She teaches mathematics.
Ivan always reads newspapers in the morning.

Marija M. said...

Every year we go to see side for holiday.
My husband usually makes barbecue.

I love tennis very much.
The sun rises every day.

When does the football game start?
It starts at 7pm.

Anonymous said...

She usually finds a job quickly. I want to help her about recomendation.

natasa said...

do you like pizza?
does your douther love music?

Ljiljana said...

I hard work every day,bat I don't work Saturday and Sanday,and I usuaiiy like then breakfas leate,drink coffe and woch tv.I
always read newspaper in the morning and let go in my work at 7 o'cock.

Marina said...

Hi Ljiljana! Hvala na komentaru - kod mene je situacija vrlo slična: I work hard every day, but I don't work on Saturdays and Sundays. On these days I like to have breakfast late. I drink coffee and watch TV. I always read a newspaper in the morning and go to work at 7 a.m.